Myasthenia Gravis Awareness

Myasthenia Gravis Awareness

June is Myasthenia Gravis Awareness Month, a month dedicated to raising awareness about this chronic autoimmune disorder that affects the nervous system. Here are some important facts and ways to support Myasthenia Gravis (MG) patients:

What is Myasthenia Gravis?

Myasthenia gravis is a chronic autoimmune disorder that affects the nervous system, specifically the communication between nerve cells and muscles. In MG, the immune system mistakenly attacks the receptors for acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter that helps muscles contract. This leads to muscle weakness, fatigue, and impaired muscle function.


  • Muscle weakness or fatigue
  • Difficulty speaking, swallowing, or breathing
  • Drooping eyelids (ptosis)
  • Double vision or blurred vision
  • Difficulty walking or maintaining balance
  • Muscle weakness in the arms and legs

Types of Myasthenia Gravis:

  1. Generalized MG: Affects all voluntary muscles
  2. Ocular MG: Affects only the muscles controlling eye movements and eyelid closure
  3. Bulbar MG: Affects muscles used for swallowing, speaking, and breathing
  4. Congenital MG: A rare form present at birth


  • According to the Myasthenia Gravis Foundation of America (MGFA), approximately 14 people per 100,000 are diagnosed with MG each year.
  • MG can affect anyone, but it's more common in women under 40 and men over 60.

Treatment and Management:

  1. Medications: Anticholinesterases, immunosuppressants, and corticosteroids can help manage symptoms.
  2. Thymectomy: Surgery to remove the thymus gland may improve symptoms in some cases.
  3. Lifestyle modifications: Avoiding stress, getting regular exercise, and getting enough sleep can help manage symptoms.

Ways to Support Myasthenia Gravis Awareness Month:

  1. Share your story: If you have MG or know someone who does, share your experiences on social media using hashtags like #MyastheniaGravisAwarenessMonth and #MGawareness.
  2. Donate to research organizations: Consider donating to organizations like the Myasthenia Gravis Foundation of America (MGFA) or the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) to support research for a cure.
  3. Educate yourself and others: Learn more about MG and its symptoms, treatment options, and lifestyle modifications to help spread awareness.
  4. Participate in fundraising events: Many organizations host fundraising events during June to support MG research and awareness. Consider participating in a walk/run or other event near you.
  5. Show your support: Wear purple on June 26th (Myasthenia Gravis Awareness Day) to show your support for those affected by MG.

By raising awareness about Myasthenia Gravis during June, we can work together to improve understanding, diagnosis, and treatment options, and ultimately find a cure for this debilitating disease.

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